Increased carbon dioxide in the body can cause serious damage to the lungs and heart, know its symptoms and prevention

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Side effects of carbon dioxide

Due to the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the body, you are at risk of many serious problems, know its causes, symptoms and treatment.

In today’s time, increasing air pollution is making people a victim of many serious diseases. Due to increasing air pollution, bad effects are being seen on the lungs, heart and respiratory system of the body. Not only are you becoming a victim of diseases by breathing in polluted air, but sometimes it can be fatal if you are careless. While breathing normally, we inhale the oxygen present in the air and expel carbon dioxide from inside the body. Breathing in polluted air brings more carbon dioxide into your body through breathing and due to this you can initially have problems like shortness of breath, headache and heaviness, fainting and nervousness. For the body to function properly, along with oxygen, a balanced amount of carbon dioxide should also be maintained in the body. But when the amount of carbon dioxide increases in the body, it causes a lot of damage to your heart, lungs and internal organs of the body. The problem of increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the body is called hypercapnia in medical language. Let us know about the problems caused by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the body and its symptoms and treatment.

What is the problem of hypercapnia?

Hypercapnia is a condition in which the amount of carbon high oxide in your blood increases. This problem is often caused by hypoventilation or by inhaling excessive amounts of carbon dioxide through the breath. Due to this, not enough oxygen reaches your lungs and due to this many other serious problems start to occur. According to Dr. Sandeep, Physician of KMC Hospital, hypercapnia can also occur in some people due to lung failure and respiratory problems. Initially, mild symptoms appear when the amount of carbon dioxide in the body increases, but as this problem progresses, your symptoms also start to become severe.

Reasons for increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the body

The problem of increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the body, which is known as hypercapnia, can be due to many reasons. Usually this problem is caused by inhaling a large amount of carbon dioxide through the breath, but apart from this, there are many other reasons which are considered responsible for this. These reasons are considered to be mainly responsible for hypercapnia or increased amount of carbon dioxide in the body.

  • Hypercapnia due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Increased carbon dioxide in the body due to chronic bronchitis.
  • Due to sleep apnea or other sleep disorders.
  • Because of breathing polluted air.
  • Due to problems related to the nervous system.
  • Because of brainstem stroke.
  • Hypercapnia caused by an overdose of certain drugs.

Hypercapnia Symptoms

When the amount of carbon dioxide in the body increases, you can have many problems. Due to this, you have problems like heaviness in the head, dizziness, extreme tiredness and shortness of breath. These problems also increase when the problem becomes serious. The main symptoms that appear when there is a problem of hypercapnia are as follows.

  • Headache and heaviness.
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling extremely tired
  • Lack of focus.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • feeling confused and restless
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • stroke problem.

Hypercapnia Complications

You can have many serious problems due to hypercapnia or increased amount of carbon dioxide in the body. If this problem is not treated for a long time then it can have serious effects on your lungs and heart. Due to the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the body, the proper amount of oxygen is not supplied to your lungs. When the amount of carbon dioxide in your blood increases, it also causes the pH of the blood to become unbalanced. Hypercapnia can also be caused by an overdose of certain drugs. Due to the persistence of this problem in patients for a long time, they also remain at risk of lung failure. Due to this, your heart health also gets affected and you may have to face problems related to blood pressure.

Hypercapnia Treatment And Prevention

Before treating the problem of increased carbon dioxide in the body or hypercapnia, the doctor takes information about its causes. For this, many types of tests are suggested to you. On finding out the cause, the doctors do the treatment to remove it. Patients can be treated through mechanical ventilation and oxygen support. Apart from this, patients are advised to take medicines for a few days. Oxygen therapy and surgery are also resorted to in severe cases. Patients who have more damage to their lungs due to this may also need surgery.

To prevent the increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the body, you should improve your lifestyle and diet. To avoid this problem, one should stay away from smoking. Apart from this, keeping the weight balanced reduces the risk of hypercapnia. You should use a face mask to prevent the polluted particles present in the air from reaching the lungs through the breath.

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